What Does an Employment Lawyer Do?

An employment lawyer is a lawyer who primarily specializes in labor law. The employment lawyer does not have to have a specialist lawyer title.

It is not an official title. However, he is a lawyer specializing in employment law. This also includes training following the Vocational Training Act.

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When Do You Need an Employment Lawyer?

Employment lawyers can represent employees or employers. They take care of dismissal protection or severance pay as well as a warning and the like.

The employment lawyer also deals with questions about the employment contract or part-time or parental leave.

Even if the employment relationship has already ended, the lawyer can still deal with outstanding wages or correct an employment reference.

In collective labor law, the employment lawyer takes care of employee participation or collective bargaining issues, as the collective bargaining parties do not do it themselves.

A lawyer who is competent in labor law can also work for or alongside the trade unions or the employers’ association in the event of strikes and lockouts. An employment lawyer can also represent the works council.

The employment lawyer often works on related areas of law such as tax law or social law.

Unemployment benefits following a dismissal can be just as much a task for the employment lawyer as an accident at work or a disability pension.

A medical report is required for retirement. Often, the process is accompanied by a termination due to illness.

A lawyer can also support the transition from regular work – possibly via partial retirement – to retirement pensions.

How a Employment Lawyer Can Help You

Collective labor law deals with rights and obligations that relate to the workforce as a whole, for example, collective bargaining parties or works councils.

In practice, however, individual labor law already plays a more significant role in purely numerical terms. This is about the specific relationship between employer and employee. Particular fields of activity are therefore in practice:

  • Preparation and review of employment contracts.
  • Representation in the context of dismissal protection suits.
  • Support with out-of-court settlements such as severance payments or termination agreements.
  • The advice in the event of warnings.
  • Examination of individual options for action

The range of services for employers includes:

  • General advice on personnel matters, for example, drafting employment contracts, warnings, or letters of termination.
  • What are your obligations as an employer regarding occupational health and safety and data protection for your employees’ data?
  • Negotiations with the works council.
  • When is a freelancer considered to be self-employed? How do I, as an employer, have to react to this?
  • Are you planning a sale, closure, or other organizational changes? Everything about business transfers and restructuring.

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Defining the Role of an Employment Lawyer

An employment lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in labor law, which covers the relationship between employers and employees. They are experts in employment law, and their services are essential for both employees and employers. Employment law can be complex, and it can be challenging to navigate without legal advice, representation, and support.

The Importance of Employment Lawyers and Their Services

Employment lawyers play a crucial role in ensuring that both employers and employees understand their legal rights and responsibilities. They provide legal advice, representation, and support in various aspects of employment law. Their services are essential because they can help prevent legal disputes, protect employees’ rights, and ensure that employers comply with the relevant laws and regulations.

Employment Contract Negotiation and Review

One of the key areas where an employment lawyer can help is in the negotiation and review of employment contracts. Employment lawyers can ensure that contracts are fair and legally binding, protecting employees’ rights and preventing disputes that may arise in the future. This can include reviewing contracts to ensure that they comply with employment law and negotiating terms to ensure that employees receive fair compensation and benefits.

Dismissal Protection and Severance Pay Cases

Another area where an employment lawyer may be needed is in dismissal protection or severance pay cases. If an employee has been unfairly dismissed or denied appropriate severance pay, an employment lawyer can provide legal representation and fight for their rights. This can include negotiating a settlement or taking the case to court.

Parental Leave, Part-time Work, and Collective Bargaining

Employment lawyers also deal with issues related to parental leave, part-time work, and collective bargaining. They can help employees understand their legal rights in these areas and ensure that employers comply with the relevant laws and regulations. This can include advising employees on their entitlement to parental leave, negotiating flexible work arrangements, and representing employees in collective bargaining negotiations.

Personnel Matters: Advice for Employers

For employers, employment lawyers can provide advice on personnel matters, such as drafting employment contracts and letters of termination. They can also negotiate with works councils and assist in business transfers or restructuring. This can include ensuring that contracts comply with the relevant laws and regulations and providing advice on how to handle disputes with employees.

Impact on Financial and Personal Well-being

The services of an employment lawyer can have a significant impact on a person’s financial or personal well-being. For example, if an employee loses their job unfairly or is denied appropriate severance pay, it can affect their financial stability and future employment prospects.

Examples of Cases Requiring Employment Lawyers

Another situation where an employment lawyer’s services may be essential is when an employee faces discrimination or harassment in the workplace. Employment lawyers can provide legal representation and support to employees who have experienced discrimination or harassment on the basis of their race, gender, age, religion, disability, or other protected characteristics. They can help employees understand their legal rights, investigate the matter, and pursue legal action if necessary.

Similarly, if an employer breaches a contract, an employment lawyer can help the affected employee or employees seek compensation or enforce the terms of the contract. This could involve negotiating with the employer or pursuing legal action in court.

Employment lawyers can also assist with disputes arising from non-compete or non-solicitation clauses in employment contracts. These clauses can limit an employee’s ability to work for a competitor or start their own business, and their legality can be a contentious issue. An employment lawyer can help employees understand the limitations of these clauses and negotiate their terms, while also representing employers who seek to enforce them.


In conclusion, employment lawyers play a crucial role in ensuring that the relationship between employers and employees is fair and legally sound. Their services are essential in protecting the rights of both employees and employers and can have a significant impact on a person’s financial or personal well-being. If you are facing an employment-related issue, seeking the advice and assistance of an experienced employment lawyer may be the best course of action to protect your interests.

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